Over the past few decades, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has made significant efforts to promote the economic growth in the country through Cambodia’s national development agenda, the Rectangular Strategy-Phase IV, focuses on Growth, Employment, Equity, and Efficiency, with the goal of becoming an upper-middle-income country by 2030 and a high-income country by 2050. Science, Technology & Innovation (STI) is recognized as a fundamental pillar to achieve this vision. Recently, the RGC has launched several initiatives aimed at promoting the growth of STI in the country. For example, the RGC has recently restructured the sector under the Ministry of Industry of Science, Technology & Innovation (MISTI) through Royal Decree No. នស/រកម/0320/009 dated March 26, 2020.
The nascent development of the STI ecosystem in the country has captured public attention and senior leaders’ interest in putting more efforts to reach the set vision of socio-economic development. The RGC has taken significant steps to promote STI through the establishment of STI governance structures (see section 2), the development of legal and policy frameworks (see section 3), and the fostering of collaboration and communication among STI stakeholders (see section 4).